Alopecia areata affects 1 in every 500 to 1,000 people in the United States. It is one of many recognized forms of alopecia; alopecia areata is the second most common form after androgenetic alopecia (male-pattern baldness in men and female-pattern baldness in women).
Why is alopecia areata so common?
It is unknown precisely what causes the body’s immune system to target hair follicles in this way. While scientists are unsure why these changes occur, it seems that genetics are involved as alopecia areata is more likely to occur in a person who has a close family member with the disease.
What percentage of the population has alopecia?
Alopecia areata affects nearly 2% of the general population at some point during their lifetime.
Should I worry about alopecia areata?
Alopecia areata is not life-threatening and does not cause physical pain. However, the psychosocial effects of hair loss can be devastating. In addition, patients may experience symptoms related to hair loss, such as increased eye or nasal irritation after loss of eyelash or nasal hair.
Is alopecia areata permanent?
Alopecia areata is a type of hair loss that occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles, which is where hair growth begins. The damage to the follicle is usually not permanent.
Does alopecia areata go away?
Thankfully, mild cases of alopecia areata often get better without treatment within a few months to a year. In some cases, patchy baldness may come and go over many months or years. The size of the bald patch or patches and how long they last are quite variable.
Is alopecia an immune disorder?
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease. This means that your immune system mistakenly attacks a part of your body. When you have alopecia areata, cells in your immune system surround and attack your hair follicles (the part of your body that makes hair).
Is alopecia areata itchy?
Non-scarring alopecias associated with scalp itch include alopecia areata and androgenetic alopecia. Patients with active alopecia areata often complain of mild itching or burning, which often precedes development of new patches.
Does alopecia run in families?
Is alopecia areata hereditary? Yes, heredity plays a role. Alopecia areata is a ‘polygenic disease’ which requires the contribution of many genes to be inherited from both parents to bring about the disease, as well as a contribution from the environment.
How long does alopecia stay active?
How Long does Hair Loss Last? In half of patients with alopecia areata, individual episodes of hair loss last less than one year, and hair grows back without treatment. These patients may experience recurrent episodes of hair loss that spontaneously regrow or respond quickly to treatments.
Is alopecia serious?
Alopecia areata isn’t usually a serious medical condition, but it can cause a lot of anxiety and sadness. Support groups are out there to help you deal with the psychological effects of the condition. If you lose all your hair, it could grow back.
Is alopecia areata caused by stress?
Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune disease. It develops when your immune system attacks your hair follicles. This may be triggered by stress, and it can result in hair loss.
What can cause sudden alopecia?
Causes of hair loss
- Hereditary hair loss. Both men and women develop this type of hair loss, which is the most common cause of hair loss worldwide. …
- Age. …
- Alopecia areata. …
- Cancer treatment. …
- Childbirth, illness, or other stressors. …
- Hair care. …
- Hairstyle pulls on your scalp. …
- Hormonal imbalance.
How long does alopecia take to grow back?
Alopecia areata is a skin disorder that causes hair loss, usually in patches, most often on the scalp. Usually, the bald patches appear suddenly and affect only a limited area. The hair grows back within 12 months or less.
Does alopecia affect pubic hair?
If all of your body hair, including your pubic hair, is affected, leading to complete hair loss, it’s called alopecia universalis. Alopecia affects both men and women.
How often should you wash your hair if you have alopecia?
How Often Should You Wash Your Hair If You Are Balding? If you are experiencing thinning or balding, our Bosley experts recommend washing no more than three times a week.